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Difference Between MVC vs MVP vs MVVM

The following article provides an outline for MVC vs MVP vs MVVM. The most popular considered for design patterns are MVC, MVP, and MVVM. The application of these design patterns supports building applications that have wobble architecture that is simple to test and maintain. It enables them to follow suitable practices and performs an important role in application development. This kind of implementation of designing the code is aimed at taking UI code cleaner and controllable to reduce the complexity of codes. The MVC is expanded as model, view, and controller whereas MVP is used as model, view, and presenter. The MVVM is abbreviated as a model, view and view model.

Head to Head Comparison Between MVC vs MVP vs MVVM (Infographics)

Below are the top 12 differences between MVC vs MVP vs MVVM:

MVC vs MVP vs MVVM-info

Key Difference

Let us discuss some of the major key differences between MVC vs MVP vs MVVM:

Both of MVVM and MVP are derived from MVC. So the significant difference between MVC and its branches of MVP and MVVM is based on every layer which is closely compound to each other in the layer.


In MVC, the view is placed on the topmost layer of architecture which is inbuilt with the controller and the model layer is placed behind it. So the view is aware of controller functions. So the view has straight access to models. The exposure to the entire model to view so the security and cost are based on the complexity of the application. So MVVM is attempted to overcome these issues. It is built.


In the MVP, the controller is substituted with presenter which is the same as view and lies between model and presenter which reacts to the instances between model and view. Contrasting MVVM, it has no mechanism for merging the views about ViewModel. So implementing each interface allows the presenter to communicate with a view.

The operation of MVVM is used to develop view precise subset of the model. It is comprised of logical information that is needed to explore the model to view. In contrast to MVP presenter, the ViewModel is not needed to reference a view. The view combines the attributes of the view model which is meant as an abstraction of view which requires only minimum logics to execute code. But it varies according to the complexity of code.

So according to the requirement, MVC, MVP, and MVVM can be implemented.

MVC vs MVP vs MVVM Comparison Table

Let’s discuss the top comparison between MVC vs MVP vs MVVM:


The structural sequence is applied to execute the user interface that divides an application into three internal connected devices such as controller, view, and model.
The structure of the MVP represents the model, view, and presenter. The page is managed and displayed by the view. The presenter is important for acknowledging the UI instances. The presenter gathers all the incoming from the user and shifts from the user which is resulted in the view.
The structural sequence that activates the division of intrinsic user interface of GUI at the implementation of inbuilt logics and business tactics.

Operating principle
The operation of MVC is dependent on the information which is provided by the model. The view is used to describe the user interface and the request is managed by the controller.
The compound pattern is provided by MVP and is implemented in well-designed applications. It provides the best option for Java developers.
In MVVM, the model is used to describe the objects and entity. The user interface is provided by the view. The combination of model and view is provided by ViewModel.

The support on asynchronous requests to any modification in the system is provided by MVC and that doesn’t effect any other applications.
It supports code reusability and enforces division between individual concerns. It makes easy debugging for applications.
Segregation of the testing unit is provided by MVVM. The equipment of the whole system function independently. The modulation of inner devices can be altered without impacting the working of the rest of the entire system.

The applications used in MVC is ASP.Net and Smalltalk.
It is executed in Windows forms.
The applications of MVVM is Silverlight, HTML5, WPF, and AngularJS.

Input data
The input information is controlled at the point of the controller.
The input information is started from the view option.
The input information is started from the model.

The connection or mapping is established between controller and view in a multiple to one method.
The mapping is established between the related presenter and view in single to single method.
The one to many relations is established between various models of ViewModel.

Working of view
The view did not have any ideas on the controller.
The entry point to any application is provided by view in MVP. The presenter in MVP did not have any knowledge about the view option. Because the view possesses the reference data to the presenter. It reacts to the instances raised from the view. But doesn’t aware of the function of view.
In MVVM, the entry point is provided by viewpoint. The ViewModel did not have any knowledge about View. Here the various technology bonds about WCF and Silverlight. So it did not capture any reference.

Working of controller
The entry point to any application is provided by the controller in MVC. The controller doesn’t transfer the model to view. And so the view is completely aware of controller functions
The view is not aware of the model and controller.
The view doesn’t have any knowledge of controller and model.

Dependencies of Android API’s
The controller of MVC is maximum.
The presenter of MVP is minimum.
The ViewModel of MVMM has no dependencies or it may be minimum.

Complexity on XML
It has low complexity on MVC.
It has minimum complexity on the presenter of MVP.
The complexity of XML is average or maximum.

Unit testing
The unit testing is difficult on MVC controller.
The performance of unit testing is average on MVP presenter.
It shows great performance on unit testing in MVMM view model.

Modularity and SRP
It has no performance on MVC controller.
The modularity and SRP is maximum in MVP presenter.
It has maximum effects on modularity and SRP.

Recommended Articles

This is a guide to MVC vs MVP vs MVVM. Here we discuss the MVC vs MVP vs MVVM key differences with infographics and comparison table. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

JSP vs Servlet
Java Swing vs Java FX
Scala vs Java
Java 8 vs Java 9

The post MVC vs MVP vs MVVM appeared first on EDUCBA.

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