Sales and Trading


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Sales-and-Trading

Difference Between Sales and Trading

Sales and Trading activities are the two very important jobs in investment banking. The term refers to the various activities which are associated with buying and selling of financial instruments and securities. These types of tasks are executed by an investment bank on behalf of their clients. The task is performed by salespeople and traders, where salespeople call the institutional investors with various investment ideas and possibilities. Traders advise the clients about when to enter and exit from the financial positions and execute the same on behalf of the clients. Traders are paid on how much the profit they have generated from the buying and selling instruments. If the investment banking firm not able to trade efficiently, then it would be very difficult for the firm to create and retain the clients and generate a good amount of profit.

 What are Sales?

Sales are the first and important activities in an investment banking firm. Salespeople play a vital role in the firm, where they generate an idea and various investment opportunities to the investors. When investment bank handles the issue of IPO’s they promise to sell off the minimum number of share. To meet the expectations and avoid the need to buy the part of remaining shares, salespeople play a very important role to do this job for investment banks and make sure to sell the required number of stocks successfully as committed. Salespeople also get in touch with portfolio managers and traders staff. To know what types of investment the traders are majorly focusing on they also develop good relationships with large investors. In some traditional broker firms, salespeople also act like traders.

What is Trading?

Trader’s main job is buying and selling securities on behalf of the investment banking firm or the client. Trader’s needs to maximize the profits for the risk they are taking. Traders continuously watch the market and use the pricing charts on some well-known terminals like Bloomberg to execute the transactions with accuracy.

Commonly there are two types of trading, agency trading and proprietary trading. In agency trading, traders act like as an agent and in the proprietary trading, traders have the freedom to trade on behalf of banks. But proprietary traders have some limitations to take the risks set by the investment banks.

Sales and Trading (Infographics)

Below are the top 8 differences between Sales and Trading

Sales and Trading-info 1

Key Differences between Sales and Trading

let us discuss some of the major differences between Sales and Trading:

Sales and Trading both are a very crucial part of the investment banks. Under sales, a salesperson needs to interact with clients and sell investment ideas to them. Where traders are secondary persons and they need to execute the orders effectively.
Under Sales, the Sales department needs to attend a meeting days before the salespersons start pitching to the clients, the meeting is called morning meeting. On the other side, traders need to spend their time in front computer screen by looking at the pricing charts on trading terminals, to execute the order with the highest accuracy.
The sales job is very important as it is more of client-oriented work, hence salespeople need to confident and efficient as they need to communicate with the clients over phone calls and then in personal (if required). As a trader, you need to always attentive to your computer screen to see the pricing movements and real times researches data and news about the financial market. Traders need to start their day in comparison to salespeople and work long hours.
Traders are responsible to execute the trade as per the client’s need and also make sure that at a reasonable price. In sales, commission depends on the volume that is coming in and in trading; it depends on the pricing (spread).
Salespersons update themselves about the investment news like quarterly earnings reports or Merger and acquisition news. This helps them to update their existing clients and gain new investors with new opportunities available in the market. While, Investment banks appoint traders with a specialty in the different fields of investments like stocks, fixed income securities like bonds, commodities and some of them are sector experts like the FMCG sector, the Technology sector, etc. Risk and Capital both manages by the traders.

Sales and Trading Comparison Table

Let’s discuss the top comparison between Sales and Trading:

Basis for Comparison
Sales
Trading

Activity
Sales are a primary and important activity.
Trading is a secondary activity.

Key Person
In sales, the salesperson is the key person who needs to sale on behalf of the client.
In Trading, Traders are the key people who execute the transaction.

Coordination
Sales department needs to coordinate with the research department and trading department
The trader’s department directly needs to coordinate with the Sales department.

Jobs
Sales Person job is to introduce the clients with the new investment opportunity. They also play a very important role in underwriting
Trader’s job is to execute a buy or sell order in the secondary market.

Profitability

 
Commissions are largely determined by the volume.
Profits are determined by spread, not by volume

Key Requirement
Salespersons update themselves about the investment news like quarterly earnings reports or Merger and acquisition news. This helps them to update their existing clients and gain new investors with new opportunities available in the market.
Investment banks appoint traders with the specialty in the different fields of investments like stocks, fixed income securities like bonds, commodities and some of them are sector experts like the FMCG sector, the Technology sector, etc. Risk and Capital both manages by the traders

Types
There are no explicit types of sales
There are two types of trading, agency trading and proprietary trading

Quality
salespeople need to confident and efficient as they need to communicate with the clients over phone calls and then in personal (if required).
As a trader, you need to always attentive to your computer screen to see the pricing movements and real times researches data and news about the financial market. Traders need to start their day in comparison to salespeople and work long hours.

Conclusion

As we have seen both sales and trading activities are very crucial tasks in an investment bank. In investment banking firm sales job is the face of trading. Salespeople need to focus on volume as it will lead to more commission. Traders are more of a trading oriented job as they need to focus on maximizing the profitability using their strategies to trade. In latter days the trading of commodities, fixed income securities, derivatives has been booming in compare to equity trading because of technological advancement in trading software and terminals. Both sales and trading play an important role in the profitability of the bank.

Recommended Articles

This has been a guide to Sales and Trading. Here we have discuss the Sales and Trading key differences with infographics and comparison table. You can also go through our other suggested articles to learn more –

Cost of Sales vs Cost of Goods Sold
Accounting vs CPA – Top Differences
Trade Discount vs Cash Discount
Revenue vs Profit

The post Sales and Trading appeared first on EDUCBA.

Read more: educba.com

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